The Maharaja of Porbander was the official captain of the Indian team for the 1932 tour to England. However, he withdrew his name and handed the reins of the team to CK Nayudu
Mohammad Nissar bowled the first ball in Test cricket for India. He was also the first to take a wicket when he bowled P Holmes. Nissar took 5/93 in England’s first innings to also become the first Indian to take a five-wicket haul.
Wicketkeeper JG Navle faced the first ball in Test cricket for India. Amar Singh (51) was the first batsman to post a fifty.
India played their first ever Test at home in 1933-34 against England at the Gymkhana ground in Mumbai. Lala Amarnath’s 118 in the second innings of that match made him the first Indian to score a Test century.
Mushtaq Ali became the first batsman to hit a century abroad when he scored 112 in the Manchester Test in 1936. In the same Test, he and Vijay Merchant (114) added 203 runs for the first wicket.
Lala Amarnath was sent back from the 1946 tour of England after he lost his temper for not being sent in to bat.
Vijay Hazare’s 116 and 145 in the 1947-48 Adelaide Test against Australia made him the first Indian to post a century in both innings of a Test.
India achieved their first Test victory in 1951-52 at Chennai when they beat England by an innings and eight runs. Vinoo Mankad took 12 for 108.
Polly Umrigar was the first Indian to score a double Test ton. Umrigar scored 223 against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1955-56. In the last Test of the series, played in Chennai, Vinoo Mankad and Pankaj Roy set the world record for the highest opening stand in Tests. The duo put on 413 runs. The record still stands.
India’s first overseas Test victory came in the 1967-68 season at Dunedin when they beat New Zealand by five wickets.
Vijay Hazare was the first Indian to reach the 1,000 and 2,000-run marks in Tests. Polly Umrigar was the first to 3,000, while Sunil Gavaskar scaled the 4,000, 6,000, 7,000, 8,000, 9,000 and 10,000-run marks first. Gundappa Viswanath was the first to aggregate 5,000 runs.
India won two successive away series for the first time in 1971. The Ajit Wadekar-led team first defeated the West Indies and then England.
Sunil Gavaskar was the first Indian to post 30 Test centuries when he scored an unbeaten 236 against the West Indies in the 1982-83 series.
Mohammad Azharuddin is the only player to have scored three tons in his first three Tests. Azhar scored the centuries against the West Indies in the 1984-85 series.
Leg-spinner Narendra Hirwani’s 16/136 against the West Indies at Chennai in 1987 is the best-ever performance by any bowler on his Test debut.
Kapil Dev broke Richard Hadlee’s record to become the highest wicket-taker in Tests in the 1993-94 season. Kapil broke the record at Ahmedabad against Sri Lanka.
In the 2001 Kolkata Test against Australia, VVS Laxman played a marathon innings of 281 runs, surpassing Sunil Gavaskar’s record of 236 not out set against the West Indies at Madras in 1983. In the same Test, Harbhajan Singh also achieved the first-ever Test hat trick by an Indian.
In the 2003-04 Multan Test, Virender Sehwag became the only Indian batsman to post a triple-century, when he scored 313 vs Pakistan.