Unlike fixing the outcome of an entire game, spot-fixing is deciding the outcome of a certain phase in the game, even a single delivery or how many runs a batsman will score off a particular delivery, or over. It can even be focused on how many runs a particular batsman will score, a bowler concede etc.
The biggest spot-fixing scandal to rock the game came in August, 2010 after Pakistan skipper Salman Butt and fast bowlers Mohammad Asif and Mohd Amir were exposed in a sting operation by British tabloid The News of the World. They were arrested by the British authorities and an investigation launched.
Butt was sentenced to 30 months in prison after he was slapped a 10-year ban from the game.
Asif was handed a seven-year ban, with two years suspended. He was released from prison after serving half of his one-year jail term.
Amir, regarded as a special talent who was only 17 when he was caught, was banned for five years. He spent three months in a young offenders’ institution after admitting the charge during a pre-trial hearing.