The Centre transfers thousands of crores to states every year for Bharat Nirman and 13 other flagship programmes but MPs, MLAs or zilla panchayat members are hardly aware of them and complain of inadequate funds.
A ready-reckoner prepared by a Karnataka official in this regard for his state has, however, sought to obviate the problem and won praise from Planning Commission deputy chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia and other Union ministers.
Ahluwalia has asked for copies of the reckoner prepared by Bykere Nagesh, additional special representative of Karnataka to be presented to chief ministers of other states as a model for similar reference for elected representatives to follow implementation of the Centrally-funded schemes.
Nagesh, who served in the Planning Commission as well as in the Prime Minister's Office earlier, said he was encouraged by successive chief ministers of Karnataka as well as Union ministers SM Krishna, Veerappa Moily and Malikarjun Kharge to prepare the reckoner.
“Thousands of crores are transferred to the states but elected representatives remain unaware and are unable to follow-up,” said Nagesh, who enjoys the status of a minister of state.
A third-edition of the reckoner, which is due for release by Karnataka chief minister Jagdish Shettar, incorporates status of the schemes, annual plan outlays by the Planning Commission and funds transferred as grants-in-aid on recommendation of the 13th finance commission.
Nagesh said the money goes to the states for not less than six schemes under Bharat Nirman and 13 flagship programmes, including Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, mid-day meal in schools, JNNURM, MNREGP and sanitation campaigns.
“Once the MPs and MLAs are aware of what has been made available, it is then easy for them to pursue — at their constituency and district level — implementation of various projects,” he says.
Under Bharat Nirman, Indira Awaas Yojana is a flagship scheme of the rural development ministry, under which funds are directly released by the Centre and the states to the district rural development agency for building houses. The funding is shared by the Centre and the states in the ratio of 45:55.
Similarly, there are projects such as Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, National Rural Drinking Water Programme and Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Yojna, in which the funding pattern between the Centre and the states varies between 25% to 90%.