India’s first thrust with energy efficiency through Earth Hour in 2009, when Delhi saved 600 MW — 14 per cent of its daily electricity requirement — in an hour, is set to get bigger.
The country’s first two pilot projects on saving household energy — the biggest cause of climate change — by replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) in Haryana’s Yamunanagar and Vishakapatnam in Andhra Pradesh in the last six months have been a success so far.
Records indicate monthly household energy bill in the two towns reduced by 10-15 per cent.
“The pilots have worked well,” said Ajay Mathur, Director-General of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a technocrat mandated with implementing government’s energy efficiency policies. “A template is now ready for replicating the scheme all over the country.”
Each CFL lamp can reduce up to 30-40 per cent in monthly electricity bill.
In Delhi, Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit plans to shut off lights in government buildings and monuments such as Qutub Minar on March 27 for Earth Hour 2010, to be organised by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) with Hindustan Times in over 50 cities.
“We want to reduce per capita energy consumption to meet Delhi’s growing electricity demand,” Dikshit said.
BEE will launch the Bachat Lamp Yojana scheme, aimed at providing CFLs in 20 crore households around India by 2012, once it gets approval from the United Nations. By distributing CFLs, Mathur estimated up to 4,000 MW of power — enough to light up Delhi for a day — can be saved annually.
CFLs is one of many schemes initiated by the government to save up to 10,000 MW of power by 2020 (10 per cent of consumption), which Seema Arora head of climate division at Confederation of Indian Industry termed as achievable
A national mission to achieve the energy efficiency targets will be launched in April.