Dec 16 Delhi gang rape verdict: How the case proceededdelhi Updated: Jul 19, 2017 14:57 IST
(From left) Akshay Thakur, Mukesh Singh, Pawan Gupta and Vinay Sharma.
The Supreme Court will on Friday pronounce its verdict on appeals by the four convicts of December 16, 2012, gang-rape and murder case against the death sentences awarded to them. The court had stayed the execution of the convicts three years ago.
The 2012 incident led to large-scale protests across the country, forcing the then government to make strict and punitive laws related to the harassment of women.
A bench headed by justice Dipak Misra had, in March this year, reserved the verdict after hearing the matter that was spread almost for a year.
Here’s a how the court case paned out:
• January 2, 2013: CJI Altamas Kabir inaugurates fast-track court (FTC) for speedy trial in the case
• January 3, 2013: Police files chargesheet against five adult accused of offences including murder, gang-rape, attempt to murder, kidnapping, unnatural offences and dacoity etc.
• January 5, 2013: Court takes cognisance of the chargesheet
• January 7, 2013: Court orders in-camera proceedings
• January 17, 2013: Fast-track court starts proceedings against 5 adult accused
• January 28, 2013: The Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) declares one of the rapists is a minor, sparking a fierce debate about the criminal justice system for under-18s and demands for him to stand trial as an adult
• February 2, 2013: The five adult accused are charged with a string of offences, including murder, gang-rape, kidnapping and robbery. They are sent to judicial custody in Tihar Jail
• February 28, 2013: JJB frames charges against the minor
• March 11, 2013: Ram Singh, the main accused and a public hate-figure, is found dead in his cell after an apparent suicide. His family and lawyer allege murder
• Mar 22, 2013: Delhi HC allows national media to report fast-track court proceedings
• July 8, 2013: Fast track court completes recording of testimonies of prosecution witnesses in the case
• July 11, 2013: JJB holds minor guilty of illegally confining and robbing a carpenter on December 16 night before allegedly taking part in the gang-rape
• July 25, 2013: JJB defers the verdict in the gang-rape-cum-murder case to August 5 after a PIL was filed in the Supreme Court seeking fresh interpretation of the term “juvenile”
• July 31, 2013: SC asks JJB not to pronounce verdict in the case till it decides the PIL of BJP leader Subramanian Swamy
• August 5, 2013: JJB defers verdict to August 19 as per the top court’s direction
• August 14, 2013: SC reserves order on maintainability of Swamy’s PIL
• August 19, 2013: JJB again defers verdict to August 31
• August 22, 2013: SC allows JJB to pronounce its verdict in the case involving the minor
• August 31, 2013: The juvenile suspect is found guilty of rape and murder and sentenced to 3 years in a correctional facility - the maximum possible sentence for the teenager under Indian laws
• September 10, 2013: A fast-track court convicts 4 accused on all 13 counts of offence
• September 13, 2013: Court awards death to all 4 convicts
• September 25, 2013: Delhi HC begin daily hearing on the death sentence confirmation case against the 4 convicts
• October 8, 2013: Two convicts – Mukesh and Pawan – change their counsel. Advocate ML Sharma is brought in.
• October 28, 2013: HC rejects plea for document translated in Hindi of the case including chargesheets, judgments etc
• November 12, 2013: SC asks HC not to rush through the hearing in the death confirmation case. It also directs the HC to provide Hindi translated documents to the convicts
• November 30, 2013: Victim’s parents challenge the Juvenile Justice Act, seeking a criminal trial against one of the accused who was then a juvenile
• December 11, 2013: The convicts’ counsel begin argument for the defence, says convicts were denied fair trial as they were tortured in jail
• January 3, 2014: The Delhi HC reserves its verdict on confirming the death sentence and appeals of the four convicts
• February 4, 2014: The Delhi HC slammed the Delhi government over the December 16 gangrape case, calling it lethargic and negligent.
• March 13, 2014: The Delhi HC upholds the death sentences awarded to the 4 convicts.
• March 16, 2014: The SC stays the death sentence of Mukesh (27) and Pawan (20)
• June 2, 2014: Remaining 2 death row convicts - Vinay (21) and Akshay (29) - move the SC against the Delhi HC verdict in the case
• July 14, 2014: The SC stays the execution of death penalty of Vinay and Akshay till further order
December 18, 2015: Delhi HC refuses to stay release of the minor accused; he was released after 3 years in a juvenile home
April 3, 2016: SC begins hearing appeals filed by the convict, after 19 months of being in cold storage
November 7, 2016: Senior advocate and amicus curiae Raju Ramachandran argues for the sentencing order to be set aside
November 28, 2016: Senior advocate and amicus curiae Sanjay Hegde argues against reliability of evidence
March 27, 2017: Supreme Court reserves verdict after nearly a year of hearing the case
May 5, 2017: Verdict today