The developing world is fighting a new global environmental war in the name of green economy, meaning economic growth by lesser consumption of natural resources.
The rich nations wants to get UN ratification to impose a series of trade barriers for sustainable growth but the Indian environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan had opposed any such move saying "green economy should not lead to green protectionism".The UN is holding a conference in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012 to have a new agreement on green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.
A two-day ministerial level consultation between 54 countries to discuss broad outline for the agreement ended in Delhi on Tuesday with rich nations remaining non-committal on financing clean technology transfer and environment protection in the developing world.
The rich poor divided was visible with Colombia and Guatemala backed by the US proposing uniform sustainable development goals for nations but Natarajan said there cannot be same goals for all. “Any such goal has to be based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibility and equity,” she said.
The developing nations are already facing a green protectionism from rich nations in form of carbon tax to be imposed by the European Union on flights using European airports from January 2012.
Although Natarajan termed the tax as "unfair trade practice" European environment commissioner Janez Potocnick defended it saying such a measure was the way out for sustainable use of natural resources.
More of such green protectionism is on the way as the European Union is discussing higher ecological tax on products grown by using harmful environmental subsidies or produced by dirty fuels such as coal. It would mean higher tax on good produced by consuming higher energy as compared to products, whose production require less energy consumption.
The Rio plus 20 meet is also seen as an attempt of rich nations to push its new renewable and energy efficient technologies without compromising on the Intellectual Property Rights.