In the national capital, child deliveries in hospitals increased from 50% to 68.6%. While hospital deliveries in rural Delhi showed an increase of 16%, the increase in urban Delhi was as high as 19%.
Findings from the District Level Household Survey (DLHS) show that hospital deliveries increased from 40.9% in 2002-2004 period to 47% in 2007-2008 period.
This, in turn, has helped bring down infant deaths from 57 per thousand live births in 2006 to 53 per thousand live births in 2008 and also reduced maternal deaths in India.
“Almost R15,500 crore is spent on these efforts annually. Based on evidence, 235 of 600 districts in the country have now been identified for a more focused approach to achieve millennium development goals,” said Union health minister Ghulam Nabi Azad, in a press statement on Friday.
“But a lot still needs to be done in the run up to 2015, the target year for achieving the millennium development goals. Facilities are being strengthened for providing excellent quality of care.”
Janani Surkasha Yojana, the health scheme under the National Rural Health Mission, had increased the proportion of pregnant women delivering in a health facility from 7.04 lakh in 2005-06 to 92.29 lakh in 2009-10.
“Positive trends are seen not only in Delhi but a lot of southern states such as Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. However, the situation needs improvement in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar,” said Sujata Rao, secretary, health and family welfare, speaking on the eve of global meeting of partnership for maternal, newborn and child health starting Saturday.
“This (Janani Suraksha Yojana) is definitely one major marker — a big ticket innovation for India,” said Dr Vinod Paul, professor, department of paediatrics at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and senior policy advisor at saving newborn lives initiative.