The Planning Commission will be stoking the controversy over the socio-economic development across states with its new human development index(HDI) for Indian states, expected within a couple of months.
Sources in the plan panel say the states will be ranked on six parameters of socio-economic development, including the new controversial poverty numbers.
The panel in July had released data which said the poverty has come down at an annual rate of over 2% during the UPA regime as compared to 0.74% during the NDA rule. The panel was also criticised for the low daily poverty line of Rs 33.3 in urban areas and Rs 27.2 in rural areas.
A senior panel functionary said the latest poverty data would be an important parameter to rank the states and one would see major changes as compared to the last HDI report in 2001 where Kerala received top billing and Bihar was at the bottom.
Sources said the ranking of states on the lower end of the index would change with states like Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh witnessing high inclusive growth in the recent years. “There would not be much change in top ranking states,” an official said.
Gujarat, which was sixth in 2001, may fall in ranking since other states such as Madhya Pradesh have done better on improving social indicators especially in health and education. It may also be because the panel’s HDI does not take into account high economic growth.
The latest HDI would rank on the ability to live a long and healthy life, to read, write and acquire knowledge and to enjoy a decent standard of living. Data from different government sources including from national sample survey has been analysed to derive the new index.