People running air-conditioners without getting the required power load sanctioned often trigger power cuts.
Discoms strengthen their network, design and periodically upgrade it on the basis of load forecasts – the declaration made by the consumers about their estimated power consumption.
This declaration of consumers about the required load and more importantly about the enhancement of load is crucial to maintain the distribution network’s health and to ensure quality power at home and office, officials said.
People, however, use electricity above the permitted load either wilfully or due to ignorance, causing supply bottlenecks, an official said.
Overloading occurs due to unauthorised consumption of power by consumers – when they consume more electricity than their sanctioned load.
“Suppose a customer had an electricity connection for an X amount of load. Say 5KW. But over the years, they have acquired more electricity guzzling gadgets like air conditioners, geysers, blowers and so on but haven’t got the sanctioned load increased from 5KW to say 7 or 10 KW,” a power official said.
“These put a heavy strain on the distribution network. This, at places, leads to severe overloading of the distribution system (transformers and feeders), resulting in tripping and is a potential safety hazard. This dangerous overloading of the system can also damage the distribution equipment,” an official said.
Apart from overloading, power theft also puts a heavy strain on the distribution network.
“Thefts increase the number of tripping and local breakdowns manifold. Efforts of enforcement teams to check the irregularities have been thwarted by the residents on many occasions. Whenever enforcement teams reach there, residents of the area ‘gherao’ them and don’t let them check their premises,” said a power expert.
Delhi has been reporting frequent power cuts from all corners for the past several days. Coupled with the extreme heatwave conditions, the outages are causing inconvenience to the people.
According to a power expert, due to extreme heat and power demand round- the-clock for the past few days, the electricity network is not getting sufficient time to cool down. This can stress the network and at times, increase faults, he said.