Rural women earn better wages than urban counterparts
World’s biggest employment guarantee scheme Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee (MGNREG) has ensured better wages for rural women.delhi Updated: May 26, 2010 00:18 IST
World’s biggest employment guarantee scheme Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee (MGNREG) has ensured better wages for rural women.
In a survey report, the National Sample Survey (NSS) organisation has found that disparity in wages between male and female workers in rural India has reduced between 2004-05 — when there was no MGNREG, and 2007-08 — when the scheme was introduced in most parts of rural India.
Now, the rural women working in MGNREG areas are getting 54 per cent higher wages than casual women workers in urban areas.
Traditionally, wages in rural areas have been less than those in urban areas but MGNEGS has changed the trend.
So, as compared to an average daily wage of Rs 48.5 for a woman in urban areas, women enrolled under the scheme get Rs 79 every day in rural India.
Introduction of the scheme in rural India has also helped reduce the wage difference between men and women workers. This disparity, in turn, has increased in urban India, where there is no job guarantee scheme.
Despite the scheme ensuring higher wages to workers, the NSS survey has found the wages being given are still less than Rs 100 a day stipulated by the government.
As the survey was based on answer from the respondents it failed to provide reason for the government failing to disburse the mandatory amount.
The survey also found that 92 per cent of Indians were employed on a given day but finding work all through the year was still a challenge.
About 20 per cent of those employed on a given day were found to be underemployed.