In the next three years, all higher education institutions in India will have to get mandatory accreditation and grading done with government agencies, enabling people to judge the quality of education being delivered, the HRD ministry has decided.
The decision will mean that by end of 2011, all the institutions will be graded A, B and C on over 27 parameters of quality of education, physical infrastructure on the pattern similar to the one in United States and Europe. Accreditation at present is voluntary, resulting in less than 20 per cent of institutions been graded.
The University Grants Commission will issue a notification under the UGC Act in the next three months, making accreditation mandatory for every institution, said UGC chairperson Professor Sukhdeo Thorat. “The commission will have power to stop funding institutions which are not accredited,” he said.
Another senior UGC official, who was not willing to be named, said all institutions will have to be accredited with a grading agency like National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC).
To make all institutions come under the grading system, Thorat said, 14,000 colleges and state universities, which are not funded by UGC, will get one time grant to improve physical infrastructure and quality.
UGC’s data says only 24 per cent of 18,000 colleges and 30 per cent of 417 universities are accredited.