In the last ditch effort to save the present climate treaty Kyoto Protocol, the environment ministers of Basic group (India, China, South Africa and Brazil) on Tuesday asked the rich nations to "take the lead" in ending climate change deadlock by agreeing to second commitment period for the protocol.
The ministers, who held last meeting in Beijing before climate conference in Durban this December, tried to do a balancing act while including both Cancun decisions and Bali Roadmap for negotiations in Durban, South Africa.
It had become necessary as rich countries wanted South Africa to take the Cancun decisions forward while keeping the Bali Roadmap on the backburner. However, India and China had been insisting that the Bali Roadmap should remain the basic ground for negotiation on the two track approach. One is Kyoto Protocol and other is Long term action to fight climate change, also called LCA track.
South Africa, which has been keen to get an agreement in Durban, had agreed to a legally binding agreement for all, which did not find mention in Bali Roadmap but was part of Cancun decisions. This was an issue which India said had remained unresolved in Cancun in 2010 and wanted to deliberate further at Durban.
"The Kyoto Protocol was a cornerstone of the climate regime and its second commitment period was essential priority for the success of Durban conference," a joint statement of the ministers said.
Clearing stating what they want from the rich nations, the Basic ministers including Jayanthi Natarajan of India, said that rich countries should commit for substantive reduction in emissions, provide US $ 30 billion by 2015 and US $ 100 billion by 2020 for climate adaptation as promised in Copenhagen in 2009 and establish technology transfer mechanism after addressing the intellectual property rights (IPR) issue.
The concerns raised by the Basic countries are essential for developing countries such as India to have progressive economic growth while adopting low carbon approach, achieving poverty eradication targets and meeting its voluntary commitment under the United Nations climate convention.
The ministers also asked sought review of the adequacy of the global temperature goal as demand for restricting temperature rise range between 1.5 degree Celsius to 2 degree Celsius and also supported India’s proposal on equity, trade and IPR for the Durban conference.