Hospitals and clinics across the city are reporting an increase in cases of seasonal allergies with patients coming up with running nose, constant cough, sneezing and rashes on the skin due to the sudden change in weather.
Among the common symptoms of seasonal allergy are dry cough for allergic bronchitis, running nose for allergic rhinitis (allergic inflammation of the nasal airways) and rashes on the skin for skin allergies.
“Change in weather or the onset of summer is the opportune time for seasonal allergies. It is difficult to prevent them unless you know the cause of the allergy. There is a specific blood test called comprehensive allergy test for respiratory, food and skin allergy. It is done to find the cause of the allergy, whether it is the dust or the food. Only when you know the cause, you can take certain measures to avoid the allergy,” said Dr Rommel Tickoo, senior consultant, internal medicine, Max.
“If someone is allergic to any food item, it can lead to diarrhoea and vomiting. People usually do very well on inhalers, which is needed for a brief period in case of respiratory problems. Antiallergic tablets and nebulizers are given to patients and in cases of secondary infections are prescribed antibiotics,” he said.
According to doctors, seasonal allergies are very common in the month of March and April and they advised people to protect themselves from dust and pollution.
“People should protect themselves from dust and pollution during this season. They should keep themselves covered even if there is an abrupt rise in temperature. People suffering from asthma and bronchitis should consult a doctor and get their medication enhanced before the sudden change in weather,” said Dr Atul Gogia, consultant, internal medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
“For skin allergies or rashes on the skin the patients are usually prescribed anti-allergic tablets or ointments,” said the doctor.