People suffering from diseases that suppress immunity such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease and thalassemia are more likely to have complications triggered by dengue and go into shock and multi-organ failure.
Rishi Qaddafi, 8, who was suffering from leukaemia, type of blood cancer, died of dengue on Friday, October 3, becoming the first confirmed case to succumb to the mosquito-borne infection in 2014.
The Srinagar-resident was admitted to Sir Ganga Ram Hospital on September 28 with high fever.
“He was diagnosed with acute leukaemia only a few days back. The immune system of such patients are compromised and are prone to infections. This patient had dengue shock syndrome, hence the infection proved fatal,” said the spokesperson of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital .
According to doctors, people with cancers, congenital heart disease and poorly-managed thalassemia and diabetes are more prone to complications. “They should be more cautious because their organs are already compromised and the immunity power is less.
If there is bleeding due to low platelet count then the bleeding will not stop. It may lead to hypotension which may result in multi-organ failure,” said Dr Srikant Sharma, senior consultant, Moolchand hospital, where already 48 dengue cases have been reported since August this year.
“Such people should stay away from places where there are mosquitoes and use mosquito repellants at home and wear full-sleeved clothes to cover their body,” he added.
In 2014, 98 cases of dengue have been reported in Delhi till September 27, with the number of cases rising by 30% each week over the past fortnight.
This year, most cases have been reported from South Delhi, shows data from the South Delhi Municipal Corporation. To date, the confirmed cases are 18 (north corporation), 39 (south corporation) and 13 (east corporation), 15 cases from outer Delhi and 13 from neighbouring states.
“People should drink lots of fluids to avoid dehydration because if they do not take enough fluids then it may lead to severe low platelets and more bleeding complications and tendencies,” said Dr Suranjit Chatterjee, senior consultant, internal medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals.