Govt objects to use of word 'keep' in 'live-in case' ruling | delhi | Hindustan Times
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Govt objects to use of word 'keep' in 'live-in case' ruling

delhi Updated: Oct 22, 2010 16:30 IST

A senior government lawyer on Friday created a flutter in the Supreme Court by strongly objecting to the use of the word "keep" in a judgement on the right of maintenance of women in live-in relationships.

An angry Additional Solicitor General Indira Jaising told a bench of Justices Markandey Katju and T S Thakur that the word used in the judgement was highly objectionable and needed to be expunged.

"How can the Supreme Court of India use the word kept in the 21st century against a woman. Can a woman say that she has kept a man?" she asked.

She told a stunned court that "I would like to move an application to get the remarks expunged. I do not want to appear before this court, I would like to withdraw myself".

Jaising wondered how the highest court of the country could use such an expression against a woman.

At this juncture, Justice Katju, who was heading the bench, told the ASG to confine herself to the case before the court.

However, Justice Thakur intervened and asked her whether the expression concubine would have been more appropriate than the word keep.

To this, the ASG submitted that her objection was mainly to the word keep in the judgement delivered on Thursday by the bench.

Jaising was involved in the framing the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act.

In an important verdict, the Supreme Court had on Thursday held that a woman in a live-in relationship is not entitled to maintenance unless she fulfils certain parameters.

It had also observed that merely spending weekends together or a one night stand would not make it a domestic relationship.

The bench had said that in order to get maintenance, a woman, even if not married, has to fulfil the following four requirements:

(1) The couple must hold themselves out to society as being akin to spouses, (2) they must be of legal age to marry,(3) they must be otherwise qualified to enter into a legal marriage including being unmarried, (4) they must have voluntarily cohabited and held themselves out to the world as being akin to spouses for a significant period of time.

"In our opinion, not all live-in relationships will amount to a relationship in the nature of marriage to get the benefit of the Act of 2005 (Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act). To get such benefits the conditions mentioned by us above must be satisfied and this has to be proved by evidence.

"If a man has a 'keep' whom he maintains financially and uses mainly for sexual purpose and or as a servant, it would not in our opinion be a relationship in the nature of marriage," the court had said.

The apex court had passed the judgement while setting aside the concurrent orders passed by a matrimonial court and the Madras High Court awarding Rs 500 maintenance to D Patchaiammal who claimed to have married the appellant D Velusamy.