Having achieved limited success in defeating the Maoists militarily, the government is now dangling attractive monetary rewards to those Naxalites who are willing to surrender with arms.
The Centre has asked Maoist-affected states to draw surrender policies similar to the one announced by it about a year ago that includes a package of nearly Rs two lakh if the Naxalite comes with arms.
The Central government's policy gives each surrendered Naxalite an immediate grant of Rs 1.5 lakh, a Rs 3,000 monthly stipend during vocational training for upto three years and even monetary incentives for surrender of weapons.
The Rs 1.5 lakh would be kept in a bank in the name of the surrendered ultra as a fixed deposit, which may be withdrawn by him or her after completion of three years, subject to good behaviour to be certified by the authorities designated for this purpose by the states concerned.
The Home Ministry has conveyed to Naxal-affected states that apart from continuing armed operations, they must address questions of poverty and economic deprivation, which apparently motivate many youths to join the extremist ranks.
"A good and effective surrender and rehabilitation policy would definitely encourage many Maoist cadres to shun violence and surrender before the authorities. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary for each state to formulate one," an official said.
The Maoist-affected states have been advised to examine the surrender and rehabilitation policies of the Central government and Northeastern states.
The Home Ministry has also offered monetary incentives for surrender of weapons, which include Rs 15,000 for depositing one AK-47 or AK-56 or AK-74 rifle.
Rs 25,000 will be given for each RPG or sniper rifle, Rs 3,000 for one pistol or revolver, Rs 1,000 for a rocket, Rs 3,000 for a remote control device, Rs 1,000 for improvised explosive device, Rs 3,000 for one mine, Rs 20,000 for a SAM missile and Rs 10,000 for a satellite phone.
The guidelines are applicable to those Naxals who surrender with or without arms.
"Though the Central government declared this policy a year ago, it has hardly been publicised. So, we are asking the states to formulate a policy and publicise it so that the message gets to the Maoists," the official said.