The “priority development plan for Naxal-affected districts” has recommended that all eligible in these 55 districts will get homes under Indira Awas Yojana in the next three years.
All villages will be covered under National Rural Guarantee Scheme and villagers will get land under the Forest Rights law and National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2007.
In one of the biggest coordinated efforts to check Naxalism through socio-economic development, the government has decided to bring all 55 districts under National Rural Health Mission, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, mid-day meal scheme, national nutrition mission, Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana and national skill development mission on priority basis.
In a bid to ensure that the machinery functions effectively in these districts, the government has decided to increase administrative cost for 69 schemes from four per cent to ten per cent to provide security to officials. The home ministry has also been asked to provide money under its special assistance to check Naxal violence to this job, the official said.
The grand plan has a special people element wherein gram sabhas will have the right to conduct social audits of all schemes. This was decided after National Institute of Rural Development in a study of 64 villages in Naxal areas found that denial of rights over forests, distress over administrative failure and dissatisfaction over the failure of development was widespread among people.
So far, right to conduct social audit was allowed under National Rural Employement Gurantee Scheme, which has failed to effectively take-off in Naxal areas. “Special guidelines will be issued for capacity building of gram sabhas and allowing them to perform social audit of the schemes,” a rural development ministry official, said.
To ensure that the plan works, the government has set up an inter-ministerial group with representatives of all 20 Central government ministries to monitor its implementation, said a Planning Commission official, who was not willing to be named.