India is firm on seeking a second commitment period for the existing climate treaty Kyoto Protocol without any legally binding commitment at the Durban climate conference saying the developing world has already given away much and it was time for the rich countries to pay back.
"We cannot seek parallelism of rich and developing countries," environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan said, reminding the rich nations of their "historical responsibility" to curb carbon emissions.
She also described the protocol as the only instrument which respects historical responsibility of rich nations towards cutting carbon emissions and accused the developed world of trying to bury this important aspect of climate talks in wake of increasing emissions of emerging economies such as India and China.
The minister, speaking at Centre for Science and Environment workshop, also said the climate talks in Durban should not become victim of "competitive politics" with the rich nations demanding emerging economies such as India and China to accept emission cuts.
"My hope is that better sense prevails in Durban and all will support second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. There cannot be quid pro quo on the protocol," Natarajan, who will lead India climate negotiating team at Durban, said. She also said anything outside Kyoto was unacceptable to India.
The minister also accused the European Union of using carbon tax on aviation as disguise in name of climate change to target the developing world even though European Union energy commissioner Philip Owe defended the tax. "The goal is to reduce global carbon emissions from aviation sector," he said, while arguing that impact of passengers of the tax would be very less.
To counter the claim of rich nations that they were contributing only 24% of the total global carbon emissions, Natarajan quoted a recent Stockholm Water Institute report to say that voluntary actions of the developing world will result in bigger reduction in emissions than the pledges of the developed world.
Natarajan, who refused to discuss the negotiables for India at Durban, was hopeful that the next climate conference will deliver the structure of the proposed Green Climate Fund.