Giving European Union thumbs down, India has proposed that global climate treaty after 2020 should be similar to existing treaty Kyoto Protocol stipulating mandatory emission cuts for the developed world and voluntary mitigation action for the developing world.
European Union after the Durban climate conference has claimed that the new climate treaty to be effective after 2020 should have emission reduction targets for all nations depending on the level of emission trajectory.
India, which has opposed any binding emission cutes, has told United Nations that it would like the post 2020 arrangements to resemble the Kyoto type approach.
“Under the Kyoto Protocol, developed countries have binding emission cuts in absolute terms which have to be fulfilled at economy wide level and there is a compliance regime for verifying and enforcing the achievement of targets,” India has told UN.
There is no such binding clause for the developing countries such as India and China.
“The responsibilities of developing countries in a post 2020 arrangement will clearly need to be built on the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibility,” said India’s submission for negotiating the future treaty.
Most climate change experts on Monday felt that no climate treaty was possible without equity framework and India should take a lead in ensuring it becomes foundation of the proposed treaty.
The formulation of the treaty will be discussed in the new ad-hoc working group called Durban Platform for Enhanced Action. Its first meeting is expected to take place in Bonn, Germany, in first week of May.
India has also told the world community that it will engage in discussion on the principles of equity and differentiated responsibilities but made it clear that one set of rules cannot apply to all the countries.
Agreeing with the view point that emission gap needs to be bridged, India said it also meant funding by the richer nations for adopting cleaner technologies and building capacity to fight climate change.