India aims at bringing United States back on board at Cancun climate talks but has termed its offer on climate mitigation as “homeopathetic”.
To clinch US, India has two proposals. First, which appeals to the United States, is on measurement review and verification (MRV) regime. India has proposed that nations, whose emissions are one% or more of the global average, should allow verification of their domestic mitigation commitments through a United Nations process.
US has been seeking verification of climate commitments of major emitters like China to agree to any climate treaty and India’s proposal ensures that. Brazil, India’s partner in global talks, has opposed the move.
The second plan is setting up a global network of climate innovations centres on pattern of Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research.
“Until US agrees there is no use of climate talks,” environment minister Jairam Ramesh said, at a Center for Science and Environment function.
Ramesh believes the US offer of reducing emissions by 14% by 2020 to its 2005 level, which is zero as compared to 1990 level, was “pathetic”.
“It is like a homeopathic treatment and is homeopathetic,” he said, while expecting that Cancun will help in building foundation for climate talks.
The biggest bottleneck for Cancun is failure of the rich nations to deliver $30 billion as committed in Copenhagen a year ago. There is clarity only on $seven billion, of which $four billion is being provided for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation.
The US, which announced $100 billion, has provided only $1.8 billion, of which $400 million is as export credit. “The fast track finance being provided is bizarre,” Ramesh said.
For Cancun, it would mean further dent in the “trust deficit” with the developing world losing faith on the developed nations for its failure to meet its finance commitment.
Around 70% of 193 nations need money to adapt for climate change implications. In all this, Mexico is floating an idea of Cancun mandate, aimed at legitimising the Copenhagen accord, initially between US and few rich countries.