Worried over the impact of rising expenditure on the fiscal deficit, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee on Wednesday said he is "losing sleep" over skyrocketing subsidy bill which could exceed budget estimates by over Rs 1 lakh crore in 2011-12.
"As finance minister when I think of enormity of the subsidies to be provided, I lose my sleep. There is no doubt," he said at a conference on 'Targeted Public Distribution System and Storage' in New Delhi.
He would be presenting the Budget for 2012-13 on March 16 in the backdrop of falling growth rate and widening gap between revenue and expenditure.
The fiscal deficit, estimated at 4.6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), is expected to be around 5.6%, mainly on account of factors like subdued revenue collection, poor disinvestment receipts, high global commodity prices and increasing subsidy bill.
The lower economic growth of 6.9%, as against the original estimate of 9%, will further aggravate the fiscal deficit situation. The economy grew by 8.4% during 2010-11.
The government had earlier said that its subsidy bill is likely to increase by over Rs 1 lakh crore, over and above the original estimate of Rs 1.34 lakh crore, mainly on account of higher outlay towards fertiliser, food and oil.
On the issue of food security, Mukherjee said, "We shall have to work out an implementable work programme for meeting the requirement of the people despite problems and constraints".
"Today (after 65 years of independence) people are not ready to wait any longer ... today they are eager to have their empowerment ... not in the documents of the Planning Commission or the assurance of policy makers, but entitlement backed by legal enactment. That is the rational of having the Food Security Bill," Mukherjee said.
Stressing on the importance of an efficient public distribution system, the finance minister said a section of the society could be insulated from the adverse impact of inflation by supplying them essential commodities through PDS.
There are about 18 crore ration card holders in the country who are entitled to subsidised commodities under PDS.
Mukherjee said huge investments are required in the agriculture sector, including on farm technology, to meet the food requirement of over 1.2 billion Indians.
Mukherjee also said despite all criticisms, the flagship employment guarantee scheme -- MNREGA -- has set a benchmark in rural wages.