The following are some of the most serious train accidents in India over the past 25 years.
The worst accident on the nation's massive rail network was in 1981 when a train plunged into a river in the eastern state of Bihar, killing up to 800 people.
- Feb 23, 1985: Around 100 die when a train catches fire near Kolkata.
- July 8, 1988: A train derails in the southern state of Kerala, claiming 105 lives.
- April 16, 1990: A train catches fire near Patna, the capital of the eastern state of Bihar, leaving around 100 dead.
- Aug 20, 1995: 305 die and 344 are injured in a collision between two trains in Ferozabad, near the northern town of Agra.
- Sept 14, 1997: At least 100 die and more than 200 are injured when five wagons fall into a river in the central state of Madhya Pradesh.
- Nov 26, 1998: At least 209 die in a collision between two trains in Punjab.
- Aug 2, 1999: 285 are killed and 312 injured in a collision between two trains in Gaisal in the eastern state of West Bengal.
- Sept 10, 2002: 130 people die when the Rajdhani Express linking Kolkata to New Delhi plunges into a river in Rafiganj in the eastern state of Bihar.
- Oct 29, 2005: At least 113 people die when a passenger train derails and topples into swirling floodwaters in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
- May 28, 2010: At least 146 die in a derailment blamed on Maoist saboteurs in West Bengal. A Mumbai-bound high-speed passenger express from Kolkata veers off the tracks into the path of an oncoming freight train.
- July 19, 2010: At least 63 die and more 160 are injured when an express train heading for Kolkata ploughs into the back of another train around 200 kilometers (125 miles) north of Kolkata.
- July 10, 2011: At least 63 die and 100 are injured after a packed express train, travelling from Kolkata to New Delhi, derails at high speed in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.
More than 100 people are injured when a passenger train derails in the northeastern state of Assam, as the result of a suspected bomb attack by separatist rebels.