Advocating a "different" approach towards nursery students, the Delhi high court on Friday said they should not be burdened with any textbooks or homework.
"The focus on care and education at pre-school (nursery) level has to be altogether different. The children are not to be burdened with any textbooks or home work," said a bench of Acting Chief Justice AK Sikri and Justice RS Endlaw while fixing 3 plus as the entry age for nursery classes.
Emphasising on the Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) which, according to the judges, "has been globally recognised as critical for human resource development and starts from period of conception to eight years", the court said "it keeps in mind the guiding principles like play as basis of learning, art as the basis of education, recognition of specific features of children thinking".
"The ideal teacher-child relationship which is required at this age allowing children to express their feelings, sharing their trials and triumphs and teachers being responsive, reaching out to children, is to be given due attention," said the judges asking schools to choose professionally trained and specifically sensitized teachers for the purpose.
Rejecting the Ganguly Committee recommendation of not giving automatic promotion from nursery to KG, one of the main demands of the petitioner NGO social jurist, the court said, "When need of healthy teacher-child relationship at early childhood care and education level is recognised and the role of teachers at the stage of Pre-school becomes important, it would be in the interest of these children to remain in touch with those teachers at Pre Primary school level as well."
"It is more so when in pre-school as well as pre-primary, the system needs trained teachers who understand the psychology and needs of the children and are able to give due emphasis to the kind of care and education."