India has rejected the United States and Australia’s request of not to press for Kyoto Protocol-type agreement on climate change for future, saying Kyoto protects the interests of the developing world.
This could possibly mean no agreement at Copenhagen in December on climate change beyond 2012, when Kyoto, aimed at greenhouse gas reducing emissions, ends.
The United States and Australia, the two big greenhouse gas emitters not part of the Kyoto Protocol, had made the demand ahead of the United Nation’s conference in New York and G-20 summit in Pittsburgh, both in the US, next week.
“We should not expect miracles at Copenhagen,” Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said on Sunday in New York, indicating that the control limit being sought by developed nations were too high. “We must aim for low hanging fruit.”
India is at present fifth largest greenhouse gas emitter in the world, but is expected to be third biggest emitter by 2020, by when China would be top greenhouse gas emitter. But, because of its huge population, India and China’s per capita emissions would be still less than that of the developed world. The US per capita is expected to be three times higher than that of India by 2020.
Ramesh, who has raised tempo against developed countries on climate change issues, had made it clear that both India and China want to strengthen Kyoto Protocol in Copenhagen.
Both the countries want consensus on the existing Kyoto stipulations of afforestation to promote carbon sequestration, strengthening the Clean Development Mechanism and technology sharing.
But, it is not agreeable to the developed world, which is insisting on the developing countries to agree to emission cuts, not a condition in Kyoto Protocol. “We will pursue voluntary measures to reduce emissions but will not accept any mandatory emission cuts,” Ramesh said.