The government is going all out to ensure that the students of India get the best possible education opportunities. India’s higher education system is the third largest in the world, after China and the United States. The main governing body at the tertiary level is the University Grants Commission (India), which enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the centre and the state.
Higher Education in India has evolved in distinct and divergent streams with each stream monitored by an apex body, indirectly controlled by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The 433 universities/ institutions are mostly funded by the state governments. However, there are 40 important universities called the Central Universities, which are maintained by the Union Government and because of relatively large funding, have an edge over the others.
Central Universities such as Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), University of Hyderabad, etc have the best faculty and admission to these institutes is highly competitive. The engineering education and business schools are monitored and accredited by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) while medical education is monitored and accredited by the Medical Council of India (MCI).
Like-wise, agriculture education and research is monitored by the Indian Council for Agriculture Research. Institutes such as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, etc have state-of-the-art infrastructure and extremely competent faculty.