‘River view’ New Friends Colony of 1980s now landlocked

  • Vatsala Shrangi, Hindustan Times, New Delhi
  • Updated: Jun 07, 2016 15:18 IST
The area where once Yamuna flowed and villagers brought animals to graze is now densely populated with builder flats and nearby villages pushing boundaries. (Sanchit Khanna / HT Photos)

New Friends Colony (NFC), together with Friends Colony (East and West) located on either side of Mathura Road, was aptly called ‘Marine Drive’ of Delhi as Yamuna once flowed along these affluent neighbourhoods which are now abode of the who’s who of the city. However, the construction of the Ring Road changed the course of the river. While Friends Colony was set up in the 1950s, NFC came up as its extension and was hence named after it.

The area where once Yamuna flowed and villagers brought their animals to graze is now densely populated because of fast-developing builder flats and nearby villages. About seven to eight villages surround NFC, including Khizrabad, Bharat Nagar, Taimoor Nagar, Sarai Julena and Zakir Nagar.

NFC’s development began in the 1970s when large 800-1,000 acre plots were sold by a cooperative housing society set up by Ram Lal Jaggi, a businessman who bought land from villagers (mostly Gujjars) to develop the place. The colony is divided into four blocks: A, B,C and D.

Locals said Yamuna flowed near Ashoka Park and it changed course over the years. (Sanchit Khanna / HT Photos)

“Jaggi sold the flats at 50 paisa per square yard at that time. Most of the buyers included navy and army officers as well as a few businessmen,” said Sanjiv Rai Mehra, who moved here in 1979. Construction of the allotted plots started in 1973-74 and most buildings were single-storey flats, he said. “At that time there were no roads. There used to be kachha pathways. There was a large green land with Yamuna flowing past it. Also, there was no electricity and Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking took a long time to lay underground wires. Some of the families who had already moved into the new houses got together to get temporary connections from neighbouring Khizrabad village,” said Mehra.

Many residents also recall the 1984 anti-Sikh riots, during which a number of Sikh houses were looted and burnt down. “I remember that time. Many of our neighbours’ houses were looted. My father and his friends brought some of the families to our house to hide them. The horror continued for days and no government authority came to help,” said Mehra, 63.

Old-timers claimed that by the 1980s, NFC turned into a prime location and was being compared to Marine Drive of Mumbai, because of its affluence and proximity to the river. “The place had become a premium colony with the houses being described as river-view apartments,” he said.

Illegal parking and heavy traffic on the main road lead to long traffic snarls here. (Sanchit Khanna / HT Photos)

Residents said in 1978, the river’s level rose due to heavy rains and houses located on the periphery had to be vacated because of massive flooding. Block A resident Rajiv Kapoor, whose house is one of the oldest here, said, “Earlier there was no public transport here. While growing up, we had to rely mostly on two-wheelers,” Kapoor said.

The large Ashoka Park, opposite block A, used to be a vast green land, has shrunken and tall buildings surround it. “Snakes from the dense bushes would, at times, get inside the houses. And, with no lights it was scary to get out after dark,” said Rajiv. However, he said, with rapid urbanisation, a large mass of migrant population settled into the neighbouring villages giving an impetus to unauthorised construction. The houses, shops and vendors kept pushing the river back and gates had to be installed in the colony, in order to keep them from encroaching the colony land. Traffic snarls due to rampant encroachment on the roads have become the order of the day. Getting out on CV Raman Marg is a huge hassle.

“The colony’s charm has somewhat dissolved. It used to be a peaceful and green place with a number of historic buildings which have now long been ravaged,” said Madhavi Sachar, a resident.



  • The community centre in block D is a major spot to hangout. It has a cinema hall besides a number of high-end restaurants and cafés as well as a variety of small kiosks and dhabas selling street food items such as kebabs, momos, rolls and shawarmas. There are also a number of book stalls that stock classical as well as contemporary fiction. A lot of students visit the market as there are a number of educational institutes nearby. A multi-level parking lot is also scheduled to open soon.
  • Bharat Nagar Market near block D has a number of grocery stores, medicine and liquor shops. A number of sports equipment shops have also come up here.
  • Sarai Julena Gaon Market According to legend, Sarai Julena village was named after ‘Julienna’ (used in a corrupted form by villagers as ‘Julena’), the name of Aurangzeb’s daughter’s Portuguese governess. The village was granted to her by the Emperor as a reward for her services.
  • It is famous for the number of eateries and grocery stores selling Kerala food and spices. The area houses a sizeable number of nurses who work in nearby hospitals.
  • The market has a number of travel agencies, guest houses, chemist shops and stores selling kitchen and bathroom ware.
  • Taimoor Nagar Market is the new shopping area where many large retail outlets have come up. This market is also known for educational training centres.
POPULAR COLLEGES/UNIVERSITY: Jamia Millia Islamia University and School of Planning and Architecture hostel and residential complex are just a few kilometres away.
Legend: Historians believe that nearby villages including Taimoor Nagar, Sarai Julena and Khizrabad date back to the Mughal era.

It is said that Dara Shikoh, the son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, was executed by his brother Aurangzeb’s army in this part of the Capital, which used to be a major centre for trade and commerce during that time.


  • Over the years, people from various states came here looking for work and settled in the surrounding villages. This led to overcrowding in the limited population of the villages. Various communities live here, for instance, many nurses from Kerala live in Sarai Julena.
  • The colony witnesses excessive traffic jams because of unauthorised parking, clogged DND-Ashram route due to ongoing Metro construction, heavy volume of traffic on Mathura Road and poor planning by agencies.
  • The Ashram crossing is the only meeting point between Mathura Road or National Highway-2 and Ring Road. Since NH-2 caters to traffic bound to Faridabad and Agra, a number of heavy-duty commercial vehicles ply on this stretch.
  • More than 1.5 lakh vehicles — commercial and private — use this crossing every day. According to a study conducted by RITES, a government consultancy firm, the number of vehicles exceeds the road capacity by almost 25%.
  • Urban transport experts blame the situation on poor planning by road construction agencies.
  • Residents of NFC are the worse affected, as the colony roads, such as Ashoka Park Road, are being used as thoroughfare by residents of the adjoining villages. A number of illegal taxis, buses and other vehicles are parked on the road.
  • The NFC Welfare Association had approached authorities to build a peripheral road from Zakir Nagar to Taimoor Nagar to get rid of traffic entering the colony. The plan is in the pipeline. The NFCWA also met the LG to push Kalindi Kunj Bypass project, which is stuck for approval with UP Irrigation Department.

Friends Colony (East & West)

Like NFC, these are also cooperative societies set up by Nathu Ram, a businessman, who bought the land and allotted plots to buyers. Together, these two colonies have 297 plots. The two colonies, divided by Mathura Road, were developed in the 1950s when people started settling here post-Partition. The plots were sold at eight annas per square yard. From top industrialists, politicians, judges, proprietors, hoteliers and senior government employees, the two colonies boast of the city’s most affluent inhabitants. The colony has retained its thick green cover and is still more peaceful, if compared with NFC. However, the approach roads remain crowded and jammed during peak hours.

MD Gupta, who has been working for the Friends Club located in Friends Colony (West) for 36 years, said, “Many well-known personalities come at the club. I remember coming here in my 20s for work. I used to cycle down from Kotla Mubarakpur. Today, no one can even think of riding a bicycle in the maddening traffic.” Gupta still remembers the old houses and their plot numbers by heart. The Friends Club (open only to members) was established in 1961.

Many retired IAS and IFS officers have also settled here. Also, most residents have added more storeys to the original single-storey houses. Over the years, a number of four-storey apartment blocks have also come up, occupied mostly by expats.

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