There has been a sudden spurt in the number of dengue cases reported in the national capital, even as cases of malaria have dropped significantly compared to last year.
Data compiled by the three municipal corporations have revealed that 10 dengue cases have been reported in July this year compared to just 4 last year, during the same period. The malaria cases, however, have dropped to 16 in July compared to 35 during the same period last year.
“It’s too early to predict whether the numbers will go up this year. If you take for instance the incidences of the last 2-3 years, the difference is marginal. We are educating people by holding public meetings to create awareness about the disease and how to prevent it,” said Dr NK Yadav, municipal health officer, South Delhi Municipal Corporation.
According to the corporations, 19 dengue cases have been reported in 2013 so far, while 10 cases were reported till July last year. The malaria cases have gone down drastically with 48 cases being reported so far this year as against 115 last year during the same period.
Apollo Hospital reported five dengue and four malaria cases from July 1 to date, while Sir Ganga Ram Hospital reported 5 cases of dengue in July and 2 in August. BLK Super Speciality Hospital received 8 dengue cases over the past week.
“Unlike last year, malaria is not rampant this year, but dengue and viral fever cases have gone up significantly in the past few weeks. Normally, viral fever subsides in three days but now it is taking 7-8 days to settle down,” Dr R K Singhal, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine, BLK Super Speciality Hospital.
Meanwhile, city hospitals have also seen a rise in the number of gastritis, typhoid and jaundice cases that spreads through contaminated water. According to doctors, during this time of the year due to heavy showers, sewage water mixes with drain water leading to breeding of flies and insects. When they sit on food items, it results in food poisoning.
“Over the past week, the hospital has seen 6-7 cases of gastritis each day. If the patients are dehydrated, we rehydrate them by giving ORS (oral rehydration solution). If the patient has diarrhoea or severe dehydration then they are given intravenous fluids. We prescribe antibiotics only if there is a secondary bacterial infection,” said Dr Deepak Lahoti, HOD, Gastroenterology, Max Hospital, Patparganj.