Despite industry having preference from government trained manpower about 30% of the pass-outs failed to get a job in 2009 after getting vocational training from public sector institutes, a government survey has found.
The reason, according to a survey done by ministry of labour, says that non-availability of jobs or low salary were the two prime reasons for high unemployment rate in Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs). Most of the trainees were found to be from low-income group with monthly family income of less than Rs 5,000.The government has pumped lot of money for revamping it is with Rs 1.6 crore each given to 100 it is in 2005-06 and World Bank funding upgradation of 400 ITIs. In addition, 1,090 ITIs have been upgraded with the help of private partners and the government giving Rs 2.5 crore interest free loan to each vocational college for upgradation of training infrastructure.
On the curriculum side, 46 new trades have been added and special courses have been run with the help of the industry to train the trainers. The government has also initiated a scheme - apprenticeship training scheme - to get on field training. The impetus was given to provide adequately trained manpower for the economy growing at over eight percent annual rate.
But, many pass-outs found that the industry preferred cheap labour, which was available in abundant in the market and therefore, did not offer them adequate salary. Many of the trainees expressed unhappiness over inadequate stipend, fewer opportunities for learning new skills and involvement of trainees in low end jobs.
The survey conducted to assess the nature and quality of training in it is and employability of trainees found that practical training was lacking in the module. Many of the trainers also felt that the syllabus has not been synchronized with the needs of industry.
Even though the government has opened over 400 new training institutes, there was short supply of trained manpower in industrially developed areas such as Gurgaon and Mumbai and more in lesser industrially developed areas. "Hence, they (trainees) have to migrate," the survey said.
Another grey area pointed out was shortage of trainers in most ITIs and majority being ad-hoc or on contract. "Teachers were also engaged in other activities," the survey said.
The survey also found that women have been left out from the revamp. There are few hostel facilities for women and trades suited for females such as hair and skin car and front office jobs, the survey report submitted to the government in October said. Only 36 % of vocational training institutes have hostel facility.