Sugar, refined flour and fat that add inches to your waistline pose a bigger risk of diabetes as against it adding to your overall body weight.
Chances of being diagnosed with diabetes in women, with a body mass index (BMI) of less than 25, are 2-8%. Those with BMI of 25-30 are at 6-7% risk, and for BMI over 30, the likelihood is 7-15%, reported a nine-city study conducted by doctors at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Fortis Hospital. The study appeared in Journal of Human Hypertension this year.
"BMI in women is not the only mark of safety from diabetes. It is the abdominal fat and generalised fat, which accelerate other risk factors like cholesterol, hypertension, etc," said Dr Anoop Misra, co-author and director, centre for internal medicine, Fortis Hospital, at the Abbott Diabetes Blue Fortnight (ADBF) advocacy platform Women 4 Diabetes Care on Friday.
The study states that high fat, low fibre diet, high sodium intake, sedentary lifestyles and bulging stomach add to diabetes and risk associated with it.
Lead author Dr Rajiv Gupta, a consultant endocrinologist at Fortis, Jaipur, recommends a high-fibre diet to cut the risk of diabetes.
The study released by HEAL Foundation showed that educating women - the primary caregivers in an Indian household - about diabetes was the most effective tool for prevention. It found that only 47% of diabetics managed on their own. Of the rest, 89% depended on women in the family for tackling diabetes.