CBSE Class 12 results: Economics and maths have the highest failure rates | education$high-school | Hindustan Times
Today in New Delhi, India
Nov 28, 2017-Tuesday
-°C
New Delhi
  • Humidity
    -
  • Wind
    -

CBSE Class 12 results: Economics and maths have the highest failure rates

Since Maths and Economics have an element of statistical ability, experts think it is not surprising that they have high failure rates in CBSE Class 12 board exam.

education Updated: Jul 02, 2017 17:12 IST
Manas Sharma and Gurman Bhatia
Class 12 CBSE board exam results will be declared on Sunday.
Class 12 CBSE board exam results will be declared on Sunday.(Bachchan Kumar/HT File Photo)

One in every five students who sat for a CBSE economics exam in 2015 failed. According to an analysis of CBSE results for Class 12 done by the Hindustan Times, the subject had the highest failure rate between 2004 and 2015.

For students who will give the exam in 2018, CBSE has changed the pattern for the subject. The new format allots 80 marks for theory and 20 marks to a “project,” unlike the previous pattern of a single 100-mark written exam.

Mathematics has the second highest failure rate. More than 15% of students who opted for the subject failed.

“Everybody wants to do commerce today. But it is not necessary that people who want to do commerce have an aptitude for mathematics,” said Ameeta M Wattal, Principal of Springdales School, Pusa Road.

Since the two subjects have an element of mathematical and statistical ability, Wattal thinks it is not surprising that they have high failure rates. “They both work together as a group,” she added.

Economics and Maths are the hardest to pass, PE among the easiest

Percentage of students who failed the Class 12 CBSE exam for a subject (2004-2015)

Economics

One in five students fail in Economics.

Mathematics

In 2015, 15% of students failed in Mathematics.

Political Science

Failure rates for the subject spiked in 2008 to about 13% and then reduced to 10%.

Business Studies

Number of students failing the subject peaked in 2011 and came down to about 9%.

History

Used to be a case of high failures of about 15%, but reduced to 5% by 2015.

Accountancy

Failures for the subject peaked in 2010 at about 11%.

Physics

The failure rate for the subject has doubled from 3% in 2005 to 6% in 2015.

English Core

In 2015, 4% of the students who gave the exam failed.

Biology

With a failure rate of 3% on an average, Biology has one of the lowest failure rates.

Physical Education

Only 1-2% of students fail in the extremely popular subject.

Source: CBSE, HT Analysis

Economics and Maths are the hardest to pass, Hindi the easiest

Percentage of students who failed the Class 12 CBSE exam for a subject (2004-2015)

22%

0

One in five students fail in Economics

2015

2004

Economics

Mathematics

Political Science

Business Studies

History

Accounts

The percentage of failures in History dropped from 15% in 2004, to about 5% in 2015.

Physics

English Core

Chemistry

Biology

Geography

Physical Education

Hindi Core

Less than a percent of students fail in Hindi and Physical education

Source: CBSE, HT Analysis

For Economics, another key reason might be the evaluation requirements that focus on the technical terminology for the subject, said Amit Bhalla, Economics teacher at GD Goenka School, Vasant Kunj.

While Economics and Mathematics have a high percentage of failures, Hindi Core and Physical Education have the lowest.

While very few students fail in Hindi, a small percentage (8%) scores more than 90%.

Most consistent in terms of producing top scorers has been psychology. Since 2010, on an average 15-20% of psychology students scored more than 90 in the subject. Computer Science comes second -- in 2015, close to 20% of its students were 90 percenters.

Most 90 percenters in Psychology, Computer Science

Percentage of students who scored more than 90% in a Class 12 CBSE exam, by subject (2004-2015)

25%

0

One in five students score more than 90% in Psychology.

2015

2004

Psychology

Computer Science

Biology

Mathematics

Business Studies

Accountancy

Chemistry

Physical Education

English Core

Geography

English saw a significant jump from 3.5% in 2010 to 19% in 2015.

Physics

Hindi Core

Economics

Sociology

Political Science

History

Fewer students score more than 90% in other Humanities subjects

Source: CBSE, HT Analysis

Most 90 percenters in Psychology, Computer Science

Percentage of students who scored more than 90% in a Class 12 CBSE exam, by subject (2004-2015)

Psychology

With about 20% students scoring above 90 - high scorers are most consistent for the subject.

Computer Science

In 2015, 19% of the students scored more than 90 in Computer Science.

Biology

The subject had the highest percentage (23%) of 90 percenters in 2015.

Mathematics

Despite the high failure rate, 12% of the students scored over 90 in the subject.

Business Studies

High scorers have increased from 2.5% in 2004 to 21% in 2015.

Accountancy

The popular commerce subject had 15% of students in the 90+ bracket.

Chemistry

The subject has seen a ten fold increase in 90 percenters - from 2% in 2004 to 20% in 2015.

Physical Education

Despite the low failure rate, the percentage of top scorers has been limited within the 5-8% range.

English Core

English saw a significant jump from 3.5% in 2010 to 19% in 2015.

Physics

In 2015, 10% of the students who opted for the subject scored over 90.

Hindi Core

Top scorers in Hindi have increased over the years, with 8% of students scoring over 90.

Economics

Even though the subject has the highest failure rate, the percentage of 90+ scorers has been constantly on the rise.

Political Science

While Psychology has the highest percentage of 90+ scorers, most other Humanities subjects don’t see as many of them.

History

History’s 90 percenters crossed the 5% threshold only in 2015.

Source: CBSE, HT Analysis

Teachers think the logical nature of the subject is what gets the good scores. “It is easy to score because does not require mugging. It is more practical,” said Ruchhe Sharma, Computer Science teacher at Rukmini Devi Public School, Rohini.

Barring psychology, most other Humanities subjects haven’t had high scorers historically. Other subjects that saw big spikes were in the Sciences - Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

English saw a major jump -- from mere 3.5% of 90 percenters in 2010, the subject had a little less than 20% students scoring the same five years later.

These subject wise trends mirror the overall phenomenon of grade inflation in the CBSE results -- while the top scorers keep increasing, the failure rate stays stagnant.