Seven years after the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) implemented the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) in its affiliated schools, the board is now reviewing the system and the optional Class 10 board exams.
CBSE chairperson RK Chaturvedi said the board wished to address the problems being pointed out in the CCE system, such as it having the more than 100 parameters, and many of them being vague.
“Majority wants a rationalisation and removal of redundant elements in CCE. For Class 10 board, most people say dual exam system is confusing and want a single system. Review is in place and the issues will be addressed,” he said.
Many schools have welcomed the move and said that while CCE is a “great system” in theory, the implementation has “practical constraints”.
Reducing exam stress
Unlike earlier when one written board exam at the end of year decided the merit of student, the CCE evaluates students throughout the year based on activities and exams, and weightage is given to both.
Teachers say this has helped reduce stress but also made students lax in their attitude.
“A student with 90% and another with 95% will be in the same grade. There is no motivation to work hard. Students know they will pass the exam even if they don’t do well in written exam,” said Chitra Nakra, principal Veda Vyas DAV Public School.
Another teacher said, “But when they come in Class 11, it becomes a problem as they are faced with the marks system. ”
Teachers say a major chunk of their time is spent in maintaining files in which they keep the records of each student.
“If we do one activity like a play, we give remarks on various parameters such as originality of thought, presentation, and confidence. Many such activities are done so imagine the amount of paper work teachers have to do,” said Jyoti Arora, principal Mount Abu Public School, Delhi.
Ashok Pandey, principal Ahlcon International School, said, “There are many vague parameters like a student’s attitude towards school... There is no set way to make remarks about these things.”
Teachers are expected to make daily remarks about each student’s development in academics, activities and behaviour. But schools say it is only possible when number of students is less than 40 in each class.
“Even schools which maintain student-teacher ratio as per Right to Education (RTE) Act, it is a challenge to give individual attention,” said Priyanka Gulati, principal Evergreen Senior Secondary School, Vasundhara Enclave.
- CCE is a system of evaluation of students till Class 10 on the basis of continuous assessment through a mix of activity-based learning and paper pen tests.
- Introduced in 2009 for Class 9 and later to other classes
- CCE consists of two parts -Formative Assessment (FA) and Summative Assessment (SA).
- Four FAs test conducted over the four quarters and two SAs test conducted twice a year.
- FAs carry 40% weightage and students are evaluated based on a written test, various activities and home work for each FA
- SAs carry 60% weightage and tests are conducted biannually
- Students can either give school-based board exam or CBSE-based board exam
- The final exam has a 30% weightage
- Most students opt for school-based exam as the copies are checked internally
- Students who want to move to other board, opt for CBSE exam