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Value add what makes the cities so special?

The capital of the state of Karnataka, Bengaluru, is a vibrant cosmopolitan city, a major industrial and commercial centre of the country.

education Updated: May 25, 2011 09:26 IST

Bengaluru
Population: More than 84 Lakh
Climate: Distinct wet and dry seasons but weather is pleasant round the year

IT capital and pub city
USP: The capital of the state of Karnataka, Bengaluru, is a vibrant cosmopolitan city, a major industrial and commercial centre of the country. Located 900 metres above sea level, Bengaluru enjoys a moderate climate throughout the year. Often called the ‘Garden City’, Bengaluru has also earned various other tags like `IT Capital’, ‘Pub City’ and ‘Educational Hub’. Pleasant weather, cosmopolitan culture, multi-cuisine restaurants and mushrooming of IT and BT firms make Bengaluru a special city.

History: Kempe Gowda, chieftain of Yelashanka, a feudatory of Vijaynagara empire, founded the city in the early 16th century. Two centuries later, it became an important fortress city under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. The ruins of those periods can still be seen on the Bellary Road, at Lal Bagh, Ulsoor and Gavi Gangadhareswar Temple. It was under the British rule that Bangalore started developing into a modern city, with all the contemporary facilities like railways, telegraph, post and telegraph. After India gained independence in the year 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Karnataka. From then onwards, the city has witnessed large-scale development. The introduction of information technology in Bangalore, somewhere around the year 2000, led to the development of the city as the IT Capital of India. Today, it has become the hub of IT professionals in India. There are numerous other names given to Bangalore, like ‘India’s Silicon Valley’, ‘The Fashion Capital of India’, ‘The Pub City of India’, etc. he city of Bangalore got renamed as Bengaluru in the year 2006. Even though the term ‘Bangalore’ is still very common, now the official name of the city is Bengaluru.

Prominent industries: Bengaluru is the undisputed IT capital of India. Leading IT companies such as Wipro, CISCO, Digital, IBM, HP, Compaq, Tata Consultancy Services, GE, Texas Instruments, Infosys, Motorola, Microsoft, Lucent Technologies, Sun Micro Systems, Oracle, Novell etc. have set up shop in Bengaluru.

Several bigwig companies from Electronics and Telecommunication such as Sony, Sanyo, GE Siemens, Motorola, AT&T, Alcatel and British Aerospace have set up base here. Automobile companies such as Hindustan Motors Toyota, and Volvo have manufacturing plants in Bengaluru. The city is also home to several major public sector heavy industries including Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) and National Aerospace Laboratories (NAl).

Education institutes: Bengaluru houses various educational institutions offering quality education in diverse fields like engineering, medical, management and science courses. The major educational institutions in Bengaluru are Christ University, Jain University, Bangalore Medical College, Dr B R Ambedkar Medical College, IIM Bangalore, National Institute of Design, National Law School of India University, National Degree College, Basavanagudi, National Degree College, Jayanagar, Jyoti Niwas College, Vijaya Degree College, Basavanagudi, Garden City College, and Mount Carmel College.

Pune
Population:
More than 93 Lakh
Climate: Moderate weather round the year

The Oxford of the east
USP: The best part about Pune is that you can find a good college for yourself in almost any stream here. Standing true to its cultural character the place offers students ample opportunity to explore their interests. From theatre to creative writing, the city has a lot to offer to keep your creative juices flowing. The place continues to dazzle students with its small-town charm, which gives a feeling of security to students and parents alike

History: After the establishment of educational institutions by the British, Pune was referred to as the Oxford of the East due to its large student population, and number of quality, academic and research institutes. The city was an important centre in the social and religious reform movements during the Indian struggle for independence. Many prominent social reformers and freedom fighters lived here, including Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vitthal Ramji Shinde, Dhondo Keshav Karve and Jyotirao Phule.

Prominent industries: Siemens, WNS, Tata Technologies, Capgemini, Veritas, Cognizant, Patni Computer Systems, HSBC, Barclays, Credit Suisse, Syntel, Fujitsu, Softenger, Atlas Copco, Systems Plus Technologies, Aztec, Serum Institute, Bharat Forge, Thermax, SKF Bearings, Forbes Marshall, Accenture, Symantec, Jaihind Industries, Kirloskar Oil Engines, Tata Autocomp, Tata Ficosa, Tata Johnson, Cummins India, Honeywell Automation, Honeywell Turbochargers, Pudumjee Papers, 3M, Avery Dennison, St.Gobain, Suzlon, Tyco, Leoni, Godrej Appliances, Kalyani Lemerz, Tata Yutaka, Tata Hendricks, Bobst India, Kinetic Motors, Century Enka, Akzo Nobel, Vishay Components, Jabil Circuits, Emerson, Tata Bluescope, POSCO, Emcure, Venky's, ITC, Frito-Lay's, Coca Cola.

Education institutes: For many decades now people all over India recognise Pune as a major student destination.

Some of the educational institutions present in the city are: Film & Television Institute of India (FTII), ILS Law College, The Armed Forces Medical College, Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College,

National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Inter-university Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCCA), National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA), National Centre for Cell Sciences (NCCS), Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM), Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research (SICSR), The National Defence Academy, Dnyaneshwar Vidyapeeth and National Film Archives.

Chandigarh
Population: More than 10 Lakh
Climate: Very hot summers and cool winters

Planned and beautiful

USP: People of Chandigarh are hospitable and helpful. The colleges here maintain fine balance between student teacher ratios so that students can be attended well. Apart from this, well-developed campus, libraries, technology centres, sports activities, drama and culture activities are some of the prominent features of the education institutions here.

History: Known as one of the best experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in 20th century, Chandigarh a dream city of country's first Prime Minister Pundit Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, the city has a pre-historic past. The gently sloping plains on which
modern Chandigarh exists, was in the ancient past, a wide lake ringed by a marsh. The fossil remains found at the site indicate a large variety of aquatic and amphibian life, which was supported by that environment. About 8,000 years ago the area was also known to be a home to the Harappans.

Prominent industries: Chandigarh’s economy is dominated by manufacturing and food processing industries with basic metals and alloys and manufacture of machinery in the second place. Other two most important industries are IT and Tourism. Other sources of income include cultivation, animal husbandry, fishery and, trade and commerce.

Education institutes: Apart from the famous Panjab University, the city is also the epicentre of the ongoing education revolution with institutions like Punjab Engineering College (PEC), world famous medical institutions like Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) among many others. The city has also witnessed emergence of various prominent education institutions at private level making it a hub of quality education. Chandigarh makes perfect place to study as it gives nice environment, technology savvy initiatives and lots opportunity in schools, colleges and university level. Other colleges of repute include Government College of Art, an institution for advance training in Visual Arts that leads to a degree in Fine Arts and Post Graduate Government College for Girls that offers graduation courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, media studies and computer applications. Postgraduate courses are offered in six subjects.