The 2014 election, a political watershed, has ushered more newcomers into the Lok Sabha than any other election in three decades, with almost all major parties, barring the Congress, sending a majority of first-timers to the Lower House.
Overall, 315 of the 543 lawmakers are new, which works out to a majority of 58%, although they include some who have served in the Rajya Sabha or the upper chamber before.
However, the number of freshers signals a substantial overhaul, if not a generational shift, in the make-up of Lok Sabha. The Congress, which suffered a crushing defeat, is the only party that has sent more old-timers, roughly 80% to the House.
The BJP, which scooped an absolute majority the first time in 30 years, has sent 169 (59%) newcomers.
About 92% of the AIADMK’s MPs are new, while the figure for new MPs for even Trinamool Congress is 56%, according to the think-tank PRS Legislative Research. The BJD, a regional party, has 60% new faces in the new house, compared to 67% of the Shiv Sena.
Sumitra Mahajan, BJP leader and MP from Indore, has emerged as a women lawmaker with the most legislative experience, PRS Legislative has said.
Some 42% of the MPs, or 226, have served as lawmakers in the Lower House before, although not continually. They include Ram Vilas Paswan from Bihar, Kamal Nath from Madhya Pradesh and PA Sangma from Meghalaya, who have been elected to the Lok Sabha for the ninth time, the highest.
Others, such as Kariya Munda and Shibu Soren from Jharkhand, Sumitra Mahajan from Madhya Pradesh and Arjun Charan from Odisha have been elected to Lok Sabha for the eighth time.
Of the 44 Congress MPs, 35 have been MPs before (80%), while the AIADMK has 34 first-time MPs (90%). AITC has 19 first-time MPs (56%) while the BJD has 12 (60%).
The largest number of MPs who continue from the previous House are from West Bengal (18 MPs), followed by Karnataka (17 MPs), and Maharashtra (16 MPs).