Key dates in Apple history

  • AFP, San Francisco
  • |
  • Updated: Oct 06, 2011 01:54 IST
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The following are key dates in the history of Apple, whose co-founder Steve Jobs died of cancer on Wednesday at age 56.


   
1976: Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak unveil the first Apple computer in Palo Alto, California. It consists of little more than a circuit board and costs just under $700.
   
1977: The Apple II with a one-megahertz processor becomes the first mass produced computer and an instant hit.
   
1980: Apple becomes a publicly traded company.
   
1983: Lisa, the first personal computer featuring a mouse for navigating and desktop icons and folders, is introduced. Its failure is blamed on a daunting price of nearly $10,000.
   
1984: The Macintosh PC makes its debut. It is affordable and features innovations such as a disk drive, built-in monitor, and a mouse.
   
1985: Jobs resigns after being stripped of control of Apple in an internal power struggle.
   
1986: John Sculley becomes Apple president. Jobs starts computer company NeXT and buys Lucasfilm's computer graphics division, renaming it Pixar.
   
1996: Apple buys NeXT and makes Jobs an adviser.
   
1997: Jobs returns as head of Apple. Arch-rival Microsoft invests 150 million dollars in the company.
   
1998: Jobs revamps Apple's product line, churning out colorful $1,300 iMac PCs with monitors and drives in the same casing.
   
1999: The iBook, marketed as a mobile iMac, is introduced.
   
2001: Apple launches the iPod pocket digital music player for $399 and opens its first retail store in Palo Alto.
   
2003: Apple opens online music store iTunes.
   
2004: Jobs undergoes an operation for pancreatic cancer.
   
2007: Apple kicks off the era of the touchscreen smartphone with the new iPhone.
   
2009: Jobs goes on medical leave in January, returning to work in June after undergoing a liver transplant.
   
2010: Jobs unveils the iPad tablet computer, a huge hit after it goes on sale in April. Apple passes Microsoft in May as the largest US technology company in terms of market value.
   
2011:
January 17: Jobs takes another medical leave of absence.
   
January 18: Apple reports a record quarterly net profit of $6 billion on revenue of $26.74 billion
   
March 2: Jobs makes surprise appearance to unveil of the latest iPad
   
June 6: Jobs again surprises by launching Apple's free online storage hub iCloud
   
July 19: Apple second quarter profit hits $7.31 billion on revenue of $28.57 billion.
   
August 9: Apple briefly passes ExxonMobil as the world's largest company by market capitalization
   
August 24: Jobs announces his resignation as CEO and is replaced by chief operating officer Tim Cook, but stays on as Apple board chairman.
   
October 4: Apple unveils the iPhone 4s, which includes a built-in "personal assistant" but fails to dazzle investors as it is not the next-generation iPhone 5 smartphone many had hoped for.
   
October 5: Apple announces the death of Jobs at the age of 56. He calls him a "creative genius" and an "inspiring mentor."

 

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