Expecting moms, take note. Your stress levels may up ADHD risk in your child | fitness | Hindustan Times
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Expecting moms, take note. Your stress levels may up ADHD risk in your child

A study suggests that stressful events during pregnancy may affect the foetus’ development, causing hyperactivity disorder in the newborn.

fitness Updated: May 31, 2017 15:44 IST
Long-term stressful situations during pregnancy increases ADHD risk in babies.
Long-term stressful situations during pregnancy increases ADHD risk in babies. (Shutterstock )

Long-term stressful situations during pregnancy increases stress hormone, which may raise the risk of babies’ developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or cardiovascular disease in adulthood, researchers say.

When human body is stressed, it releases cortisol -- stress hormones -- to handle higher stress, a mechanism that also persists during pregnancy. Stressful events during pregnancy causes the placenta -- which supplies the foetus with nutrients -- to emit cortisol.

As a result, a small amount of this hormone also enters the amniotic fluid -- a yellowish liquid that surrounds the foetus -- and affects foetal metabolism.“If the mother is stressed for a longer period of time, the cortisol level in the amniotic fluid increases,” said Pearl La Marca-Ghaemmaghami, psychologist at the University of Zurich in Switzerland.

This higher concentration of stress hormone in turn accelerates the growth of the foetus. “An excessive acceleration of growth may occur at the expense of the proper maturation of the organs,” added Ulrike Ehlert, psychologist at the University of Zurich.

Cortisol or stress hormones can affect foetal metabolism. (Getty Images)

If an expectant mother is severely stressed over a longer period of time, the risk of the unborn child developing a mental or physical illness later in life -- such as ADHD or cardiovascular disease -- increases, the researchers noted, in the paper detailed in the journal Stress. However, short-term stress situations, did not seem to have an unfavourable effect on the development of the foetus.

For the study, the team tested 34 healthy pregnant women, whose cortisol levels in the saliva were compared with the cortisol level in the amniotic fluid. Pregnant women who are exposed to longer-term stress situations need to “seek support from a therapist to handle the stress better,” the researchers suggested.

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