The Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) has initiated a plan to recycle the city’s waste to produce electricity. For this purpose, four biomethanation plants will be installed in Gurgaon.
The MCG has laid out an outline for the project and started the process of tender applications. As per official records, the city produces around 200 tonnes of waste per day out of which animal waste accounts for 40 tonnes and vegetable markets generate approximately 25 tonnes. This waste is capable of producing at least 1MW electricity, but it is not utilised adequately because of the lack of proper recycling systems in the city.
With the four biomethanation plants that are to be installed, up to 66 tonnes of waste will be recycled per day. Biomethanation is a process by which organic material is microbiologically converted under anaerobic conditions to biogas. Using energy from this process, electricity can be generated.
The project also has a provision to set up plants to methanise household waste. For this, ward 6 of the MCG will install a plant that can recycle 1 tonne of waste per day.
For recycling animal waste, the corporation will install two plants with 20 tonne per day recycling capacity at the two cow shelters in the city. These cow shelters produce 20-25 tonnes of waste everyday and after the installation of the plants, not only will the waste be converted to compost, but the methane gas released will be capable of producing around 0.5 MW electricity.
The largest biomethanation plant will be installed at the vegetable market and the capacity of this plant will be around 25 tonnes per day. The vegetable market discards 20-30 tonnes of waste per day, which is subsequently dumped at the Bandhwari landfill. The installation of this plant will recycle waste to produce electricity required for at least a 100 houses in the city.
The MCG has asked various companies for their proposals for the project. The officials are planning to add a provision in the tender, by which, any company that wishes to install the biomethanation plants will be responsible for collecting the waste too. The company will receive full cooperation from the MCG for the project.
“We have asked for proposals from companies for this project. After choosing the best and most affordable proposal, a company will be permitted to start working on the project. We have received a few responses as of now,” Amit Khatri, additional municipal commissioner, said.