The population of Gurgaon has increased by almost 80% in the past one decade, putting extra burden on the natural resources and civic infrastructure.
On the other hand, the authorities have failed to curb illegal extraction of groundwater through borewells.
One of the worst affected resources is water. According to a recent survey, Gurgaon’s water table was depleted by approximately four metres in five months between June and October 2012.
At present, water table in Gurgaon stands at 34.62 metres, 10 centemeter below the level recorded a year ago.
The district hydrologist, MS Lamba, said that the deepest well in the region is in Dundahera (82 meters) and it has already dried up.
The residents blame authorities for failing to curb illegal extraction of ground water through borewells at various places.
“Illegal extraction is rampant in Gurgaon. We try to monitor and penalize the offenders but it is difficult to track every site,” said Shakti Singh, assistant environment engineer, Haryana Pollution Control Board (HPCB).
RS Rathee, president of the Gurgaon Citizens’ Council, said that only half of the total demand of water is being met in the Millennium City. The problem is expected to become acute as many new sectors are yet to be developed.
Shubhra Puri, founder of Gurgaon First, an NGO, says that Gurgaon’s water crisis cannot be handled until some artificial water reservoirs are created.
“Most landlocked cities try to replenish their ground water level or keep water reserves in the form of artificial lakes. This has not happened in Gurgaon,” Puri said.
Creating a check dam at every place from where there is outflow of water, harvesting rainwater, recycling of sewage, installing solar panels on Western Yamuna Canal to prevent evaporation and pilferage are some other measures suggested by experts to tackle Gurgaon’s water problems.