Do you feel pressed for time even for your daily workout or weekend shopping? Learning to breathe slowly may help you get rid of such false feelings that actually have more to do with stress than with time, says a study.
"Beyond the number of activities actually competing for their time, emotional conflict between activities makes consumers feel that they have even less time," said one of the study authors Jordan Etkin from Duke University, in Durham, North Carolina, in the US.
"Emotions such as guilt about where time is being spent or fear over loss of income both generate stress, and make a person feel more pressed for time than they actually are," Etkin added.
The authors identified two simple strategies to help people reduce false feelings of being pressed for time: slow breathing, and channelling amped-up feelings of stress into more productive high-energy emotions such as excitement.
Both techniques were successful in making participants feel that they were not as pressed for time as they had first feared.
"From a consumer standpoint, feeling pressed for time can have many harmful consequences such as poorer health, trouble sleeping, and depression. By pausing to breathe or envision the source of stress in a more positive light, people can enjoy the time they actually have in a healthier and happier way," the researchers noted.
The study asked participants to list tasks that took a certain amount of time, and to then envision completing these tasks.
Participants were then asked to imagine that tasks were in conflict with one another. In some cases the tasks actually competed for time, but in others, they were felt to be in competition for emotional or financial reasons only.
When participants thought certain activities were in conflict with one another, they felt even more pressed for time due to a feeling of increased anxiety over the conflict.
This anxiety increased regardless of whether the conflict was physical, or simply emotional.
The study appeared in the Journal of Marketing Research.