In April, the World Health Organisation declared that the problem "threatens the achievements of modern medicine." In May, the World Health Assembly commissioned the WHO to deliver a global action plan on it. In June, the British public voted to dedicate a government-sponsored £10 million Longitude Prize to solve this impending crisis.
2. Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that forms spores that infect humans from infected animals or when used as a bioterrorism anthrax weapon.
3. Campylobacter cause diarrhoea (often bloody), fever, and abdominal cramps, and sometimes serious complications such as temporary paralysis.
4. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) bacteria cause bloodstream infections leading to multi-organ failure. CRE have become resistant to all or nearly all the antibiotics we have today and kills almost half of hospital patients it infects.
5. Neisseria gonorrhoeae cause gonorrhoea, a painful sexually transmitted disease that can result in discharge and inflammation at the urethra, cervix, pharynx, or rectum.
6. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) cause several illnesseses, ranging from bloodstream infections (sepsis) and pneumonia to meningitis and skin infections.
7. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes a range of illnesses, from skin and wound infections to pneumonia and bloodstream infections that can cause sepsis and death. Staph bacteria, including MRSA, are one of the most common causes of hospital infections.
8. Neisseria meningitidis is a leading causes of bacterial meningitis in children and young adults. Meningitis caused by this bacterium is known as meningococcal disease.
9. Non-typhoidal Salmonella (serotypes other than Typhi, Paratyphi A, Paratyphi B, and Paratyphi C) usually causes diarrhoea (sometimes bloody), fever, and abdominal cramps. Some infections spread to the blood and can have life-threatening complications.
10. Shigella usually causes diarrhoea, fever, and abdominal pain, sometimes causing serious complications such as reactive arthritis.
11. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae, or pneumococcus) is the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia, meningitis, bloodstream infections and ear and sinus infections.
12. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), which is increasingly becoming Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) to most TB drugs, largely because of incomplete or wrong treatment, short drug supply, and lack of drugs.
13.Salmonella serotype Typhi causes typhoid, a potentially life-threatening disease that causes high fever, abdominal pain, and headache. Typhoid fever can lead to bowel perforation, shock, and death.
14. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) cause a range of illnesses in hospital patients, including bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, and urinary tract infections.
15. Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) enters the body through catheters, ventilators or surgical procedures and causes life-threatening infection as it is resistant to most antibiotics.
(Source: Centers for Disease Control )