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How to deal with diabetes

health-and-fitness Updated: Nov 28, 2010 01:16 IST

Hindustan Times
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Here's a list of 5 signs that help you stay one step ahead of the deadly disease.

1 Keep a tab: Most diabetes complications produce no symptoms in the early stages. Diabetes can be prevented by adopting regular medical care and blood sugar monitoring.

2 Be alert: Many studies have shown that almost 40 per cent patients with no symptoms, but with a long history of family diabetes are found to have significant heart disease on coronary angiogram (a dye test for heart vessels). Most patients who have unexplained sweating or even upper abdomen discomfort, must get an ECG done and not let it pass as just ‘gastric symptoms’.

3 Rise and shine: Monitoring blood sugar with finger stick test at home is recommended. Any form of a regular exercise is recommended for patients with diabetes. It is important to be realistic rather than being enthusiastic. Starting aggressive exercises after a sedentary lifestyle proves counter-productive.

4 Diet wise: Dietary changes are a must to control sugar and cholesterol levels. A high fibre, less processed diet, e.g., whole fruit instead of juice and rotis instead of white bread needs to be consumed. Avoid fried foods and sweetmeat. Low salt diet helps in reducing blood pressure.

5 Lifestyle changes: Quit smoking. It is the single-most important aspect in preventing heart disease for patients with diabetes. Hypertension (high blood pressure) must be controlled, with lifestyle modifications or medication. Consult your doctor to find what’s best suited for you.

HTC with inputs from Dr Sujeet Jha, Endocrinology & Diabetes, Max Healthcare