Acne is generally considered as a teenage problem. However, 80 per cent of adults in the age of 20 to 40 also suffer from mild to moderate acne. It is the result of action of hormones (DHT a derivative of testosterone) on skin oil gland— sebaceous glands causing blocked pores and eruption of lesions-pimples.
No specific cause for acne has been determined yet, however there are certain factors like fluctuation in sex hormones, certain cosmetics, vitamin deficiencies, thyroid hormone deficiency, stress, diet and genetics, which aggravate the problem.Get rid of acne
Severe inflammatory acne needs medical supervision. Antibiotic tablets and creams soothe the skin. Following dietary and life style changes can help manage skin breakouts in a better way:
Diet: A healthy diet helps to maintain healthy skin. Acne is affected by hard to digest food resulting in a sluggish digestive process which causes various skin disorders. People affected by acne should consume plant-based, fiber-rich food to make metabolism easy. Eat protein and carbohydrates in healthy ratio with each meal and snack to balance blood sugar and stress hormones, both of which help to reduce acne.
Cleanse your system: Drink 8-10 glasses of water daily. It washes out toxins and aids in transporting nutrients.
Detox: A diet high in refined foods, sugar, fried foods and low in fiber, essential vitamins can result in toxin build up. Most skin disorders are a result of toxins in body. When too many toxins are produced, they get discharged through skin.
Vitamin and mineral support: Vitamin A, B- complex and E are important nutrients to treat acne. Zinc is beneficial for controlling the inflammation that accompanies acne. Tea tree oil removes and stops growth of bacteria on the skin.
Do not scrub. Scrubbing aggravates the problem.
Do not wash with harsh soaps. Cleanse gently with mild cleansers to reduce skin damage.
Do not wash your face frequently as it disturbs your skin’s pH balance, leading to more breakouts and will make your skin dry and flaky. Washing it twice a day is sufficient.
Use pure, natural cosmetics on your skin, go for water-based cosmetics.
Keep your scalp clean. Dandruff infested hair aggravates pimples. Shampoo twice a week.
(Dr Anjali Mukerjee is a nutritionist and founder of Health Total, a nutrition counselling centre)