Ladies, lay off the carbs for your heart
Consuming carbohydrates with high glycemic index appears to be associated with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women, a new study has revealed. Read on to know more.health and fitness Updated: Apr 13, 2010 14:34 IST
Italian researchers found that "consuming carbohydrates with high glycemic index, an indicator of how quickly a food affects blood glucose levels, appears to be associated with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women but not men."
Sabina Sieri, PhD, a biologist specialising in diet and nutrition at the Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, a national cancer research foundation in Milan, Italy, and team of researchers surveyed nearly 50,000 participants throughout Italy using a dietary questionnaire and relative risk models. Two-thirds of the participants were females. The researchers identified "during a median of 7.9 years of follow-up" that 463 developed CHD.
The researchers concluded, "one-fourth of women whose diet had the highest glycemic load had 2.24 times the risk of heart disease compared with the one-fourth of women with the lowest glycemic load" and "tentatively suggest that the adverse effects of a high glycemic diet in women are mediated by sex-related differences in lipoprotein and glucose metabolism, but further prospective studies are required to verify a lack of association of a high dietary glycemic load with cardiovascular disease in men."