Obesity and type 2 diabetes are actually too sides of the same coin. Both are characterised by insulin resistance (ineffective insulin) and hyper insulinism (excessive insulin).
About 85% of type 2 diabetic are obese and most obese people have insulin resistance and hyper insulinism that lead to diabetes. Obesity is known to play a central role in increasing insulin resistance in the human body.
The irony is that ‘late- onset diabetes’ or type 2 diabetes is occurring to children at 13 who are simply eating too much junk food. This can shorten life span and you must know that it is totally preventable. It is interesting to know that childhood obesity often precedes the hyperinsulinemic state. An association of obesity with insulin resistance, hypertension, and abnormal lipid profile is seen nowadays amongst the younger generation as well.
More attention should be paid to increasing physical activity and decreasing calorie consumption. Once obesity is established in a child or adolescent, vigorous clinical efforts should be directed at treating it. Bringing about a change in behaviour and lifestyle could be a long-term solution but one can’t neglect pharmacological approaches that are available today.
Deal with type 2 diabetes
Eat low glycemic foods like oats, barley, bran, jowar, vegetables, nuts and seeds.
Avoid sugar and foods containing sugar such as chocolates, desserts, sweets, soft drinks, cakes, biscuits, pizzas, rice, high sugar foods.
Don’t drink fruit juices as they contains too much sugar
Reduce intake of saturated and hydrogenated fats as it increases resistance.
Fish oils have shown to improve insulin resistance. So, eat fish three times a week or take fish oils supplements.
Walk for 30-40 minutes everyday.
Dr Anjali Mukerjee, Nutritionist and Founder, Director — Health Total