With the mercury hovering around 45 degrees Celsius in Delhi, doctors have advised people to take precautions while stepping out to avoid the side-effects of exposure to the sun.
"Irritation, itching, redness and rashes are symptoms of damage due to sun exposure. Forehead, cheeks, back of the neck, and arms are the most vulnerable areas," said Dr Deepak Sharma, senior consultant, department of dermatology, Fortis Hospital.
In most cases, the symptoms can be treated at home. "An ice-pack should be applied immediately on the affected area. Gel from the aloe vera plant is also of great help," added Dr Sharma.
The sun's radiation also causes damage to the hair cuticle, the outermost protective layer of the hair. "Just as we we apply sunscreen on the skin, it is a good idea to use shampoo and conditioner or hair cream containing sunscreen," said Shahnaz Husain, beauty expert.
To avoid getting dehydrated, one must increase the water intake to at least four litres a day and add a generous dose of fruits in one's diet.