What to do when a muscle cramps? | health and fitness | Hindustan Times
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What to do when a muscle cramps?

When a muscle is stretched beyond its normal range or suddenly tightened, it may go into apainful spasm - a cramp.

health and fitness Updated: Apr 15, 2010 16:45 IST
Dr Anjali Mukerjee

When a muscle is stretched beyond its normal range or suddenly tightened, it may go into apainful spasm - a cramp. Some examples:

Classic cramp
• Person sleeping in bed awakens and stretches
• Calf muscle contracts violently, with a hard, tense knot in its centre

Cramped quarters
• Person sits in an awkward position, and a muscle suddenly cramps

Overexertion
• Person not accustomed to vigorous exercise gets leg cramps after a brisk walk

Massage the best treatment. Kneading the muscle and stretching it gently helps reduce the pain and end the spasm.Usually not a concern

If accompanied by other symptoms, cramps can sometimes indicate a more serious problem:
• Heat exhaustion, which also causes fainting and pale, cold skin.
• Some circulatory disorders, which cause cramps after walking.

Dr Anjali Mukerjee is a nutritionist and founder of Health Total, a nutrition counselling centre.