India launches district-level plan to eliminate malaria by 2030
The new Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination focuses on controlling mosquito-breeding and spread of infection using early diagnosis and treatment at the district level to stop local transmission by 2030.health Updated: Jul 12, 2017 20:35 IST
India’s National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination was launched on Wednesday to eliminate the mosquito-borne infection by stopping local transmission by 2030.
The goal is to control the mosquitoes that spread the infection and human exposure to them to lower transmission and disease burden.
“Last year we launched the national frame work and today was launched the national strategic plan. India is improving as far as malaria numbers are concerned, with total deaths having declined by almost 60% in the past 15 years,” said Navdeep Rinwa, joint secretary, Union health ministry.
The new plan will function on a micro level by shifting focus from states to districts.
“The focus now will be on district-base planning, implementation and monitoring,” he said.
Going district-wise will help us reach the unreached.
Malaria infected 1.06 million persons, with 242 confirmed deaths, in India in 2015. Estimated malaria cases declined from 2 million in 2001 to 0.88 million in 2013, though 2014 saw a spike of 1.13 million due to focal outbreaks.
Malaria incidence is 0.08% in a population of 1.3 billion.
Prevention of infection and early diagnosis and treatment are critical to stop transmission. Key strategies include vector control by providing long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets and by carrying out indoor residual spraying.
In 2015, indoor residual spraying protected 106 million people worldwide, including more than 41 million in India.
“Eighty percent of malaria burden is confined to areas where 20% of country’s population lives, including remote areas, hilly areas and in tribal areas,” said Dr PK Sen, director, National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP).
Malaria is endemic in 91 countries, says World Health Organisation (WHO).
“This plan may be for five years but our real target is to bring down malaria cases under 5 lakh a year in the next one year,” said Dr Jagdish Prasad, director general health services.
“We have identified 5 high burden states to where we would be intensifying our anti-malaria programme as from these states-- Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura, most of the cases are reported.”
Health minister JP Nadda said, “We are doing good and look forward to participation from all stakeholders in eliminating malaria from the country.”