Disney's 1942 classic animated film Bambi, 1994's Oscar-winner Forrest Gump and Charlie Chaplin's first feature-length comedy The Kid from 1921 are among 25 films selected for preservation as cultural, artistic and historical treasures in the National Registry of the US Library of Congress.
The Librarian of Congress's James H. Billington made the selections after reviewing 2,228 films nominated by the public and discussions with film curators and the National Film Preservation Board.
There are 575 feature films, documentaries, film shorts and experimental films, spanning from 1912 to 1994, in the registry's archives and preserved for future generations.
Considered cinematic treasures, these movies are chosen for cultural, historical or aesthetic significance, representing the American film heritage.
The 25 films (in alphabetical order) are:
1. Allures (1961): 5-minute film by director Jordan Belson, master of cosmic cinema.
2. Bambi (1942): follows the adventures of a fawn named Bambi and his forest friends
3. The Big Heat (1953): director Fritz Lang's film noir starring Glenn Ford and Lee Marvin
4. A Computer Animated Hand (1972): by Ed Catmull, co-founder of Pixar Animation
5. Crisis: Behind a Presidential Commitment (1963): documentary filmmakers Robert Drew, D.A. Pennebaker, Richard Leacock and others chronicle segregation
6. The Cry of Children (1912): a silent drama about child labor that inspired labor reform
7. A Cure for Pokeritis (1912): with rotund comedy star John Bunny
8. El Mariachi (1992): Robert Rodriguez's first feature, made for $7,000 when he was a film student
9. Faces (1968): John Cassavetes's masterwork with Gena Rowlands and Seymour Cassel
10. Fruit Cake Factory (1985): Chick Strand's documentary on young Mexican women who make ornamental papier-maché fruits and vegetables.
11. Forrest Gump (1994): Oscar winner by director Robert Zemeckis with Tom Hanks
12. Growing Up Female (1971): Ohio college students Julia Reichart and Jim Klein follow six girls and women from the ages of 4 to 34 at home, work and school
13. Hester Street (1975): by director Joan Micklin Silver, about Eastern European Jewish life in American in the early 1900s
14. I, an Actress (1977): underground filmmaker George Kuchar's comedy about directing
15. The Iron Horse (1924): John Ford's Western about building the transcontinental railroad
16. The Kid (1921): Charlie Chaplin's first feature comedy-drama about the Little Tramp
17. The Lost Weekend (1945): Billy Wilder's Oscar-winning film about alcoholism with Ray Milland
18. The Negro Soldier (1944): Frank Capra's World War II US Army film
19. Nicholas Brothers Family Home Movies (1930s-1940s): legendary tap dancing brothers with one-of-a-kind footage of Broadway, Harlem and Hollywood
20. Norma Rae (1979): Oscar winner Sally Field as a textile mill worker organizing workers by Martin Ritt
21. Porgy and Bess (1959): rare print of Otto Preminger directing George Gershwin's and DuBose Heyward's folk opera; starring Sidney Poitier, Dorothy Dandridge, Sammy Davis Jr., Pearl Bailey and Diahann Carroll
22. The Silence of the Lambs (1991): Oscar winning horror thriller by Jonathan Demme with Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins as the cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter
23. Stand and Deliver (1988): Edward James Olmos in a true story about an East Los Angeles teacher
24. Twentieth Century (1934): Howard Hawks's screwball comedy with John Barrymore and Carole Lombard
25. War of the Worlds (1953): Oscar-winning sci-fi thriller based on H.G. Wells's novel about a Martian invasion