Archaeologists discover world’s first settlement destroyed by tsunami in Gujarat | india-news | Hindustan Times
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Archaeologists discover world’s first settlement destroyed by tsunami in Gujarat

india Updated: Aug 30, 2016 11:47 IST
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Dholavira is a site of an ancient metropolitan town of the Harappan period. (Photo credit: asi.nic.in)


Marine archaeologists on Monday claimed to have discovered the world’s first ancient urban settlement, which could have been destroyed by a tsunami.

Addressing a press conference in Panaji, National Institute of Oceanography director SWA Naqvi said that the archaeological site of Dholavira in the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, which was a well-planned urban settlement then, was destroyed by a tsunami around 3,450 years ago.

“This is the oldest site known to the world which we believe was hit by a tsunami,” he said.

Dholavira is a site of an ancient metropolitan town of the Harappan period and was known as the largest port-town of the Harappans which flourished around 5,000 years ago, until the tsunami destroyed it 3,450 years ago.

A unique feature of Dholavira is the presence of a 14-18 meters thick wall. (Photo credit: asi.nic.in)

Dholavira, the second largest Harappan site located within the present borders of India, comprises three parts including a castle, the middle town and the lower town.

“A unique feature of Dholavira is the presence of a 14-18 meters thick wall, apparently built as a protective measure against tsunamis,” said Rajiv Nigam, a lead scientist at the NIO.