The problem in Arunachal Pradesh is that of the influx of Chakma-Hajong refugees. The All Arunachal Pradesh Students Union (AAPSU) is spearheading a movement against the settlement of these refugees in the state.
Chief Minister Mukut Mithi has recently expressed concern that the demography of the areas having Chakma-Hajong people as settlers has completely changed as their number increased to more than 60,000 in recent times. He has extended all support to AAPSU on the issue.
The move has the support of almost all the political parties of the state.
However, the Chakmas denounce this misinformation campaign terming it as an attempt to create xenophobia in Arunachal Pradesh.
The Chakma Hajong refugees enjoy the support of ISI, Bangladesh based Shanti Bahini and Bodo Security Forces.
Another issue which has created problem in this state is the demand for 'Greater Nagaland', which means if implemented certain areas of Arunachal Pradesh will become part of Nagaland.
Arunachal Pradesh echoes the voice of Manipur and Assam that the Centre should not disturb other states while trying to find a solution to the Naga problem. The National Socialist Council for Nagalim (Isaac-Muivah), after a recent meeting with the Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani in New Delhi, has reiterated their demand for a "Greater Nagaland". On January 24, 2003, NSCN(I-M) leaders Isaac Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah, re-stated their demand that the Naga-inhabited areas in Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, be brought under one administrative unit, implying the formation of "Nagalim'' meaning "Greater Nagaland".
The NSCN(I-M) has staked claim to the four Manipur districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Senapati and Tamenglong, and Tirap and Changlang districts of Arunachal Pradesh. The Congress(I) government in Arunachal Pradesh, wants the Centre to convince the Naga leaders to set aside their demand for more territory.