Negating the theory handed out by Hindu groups that the Babri Masjid demolition was mob-driven, the Liberhan Commission has said it has been "established beyond doubt" that the events of Dec 6, 1992, in Ayodhya were "neither spontaneous nor unplanned".
The commission, whose report on the demolition was tabled Tuesday in parliament, also blamed the entire temple construction movement on the Sangh Parivar - Hindu rightwing groups.
A former high court judge, MS Liberhan in his report has called former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders LK Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi as "pseudo-moderates" and condemned them for their role in the demolition.
"... it stands established beyond doubt that the events of the day were neither spontaneous nor unplanned nor an unforeseen overflowing of the people's emotion, nor the result of a foreign conspiracy as some overly imaginative people have tried to suggest," the 1,029-page report said.
The report said the "blame or the credit" for the entire Ram temple movement at Ayodhya must necessarily be attributed to the Sangh Parivar.
"The Parivar is a highly successful and corporatised model of a political party and as the Ayodhya campaign demonstrates, has developed a highly efficient organisational structure."
"While the structure or the methods of the Sangh Parivar for aggregating a substantial public base may neither be illegal nor strictly objectionable, the use of this gargantuan whole for the purpose of the Ayodhya campaign was clearly against the letter and spirit of Indian law and ethos."
The report said that the attempts by the "pseudo-moderate elements" within the Parivar were "predictably of little significance and were destined to fail, whether by design or otherwise".
On Vajpayee, Advani and Joshi, the report said: "These leaders cannot however be given the benefit of the doubt and exonerated of culpability.
"These leaders have violated the trust of the people and have allowed their actions to be dictated not by the voters but by a small group of individuals who have used them to implement agendas unsanctioned by the will of the common person.
"There can be no greater betrayal or crime in a democracy and the Commission has no hesitation in condemning these pseudo-moderates of their sins of omission," it added.
"As the inner core of the Parivar, the top leadership of the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, VHP (Vishwa Hindu Parishad), Shiv Sena, Bajrang Dal and the BJP bear primary responsibility," it added.